The MDTF co-finances the World Bank's Earthquake Housing Reconstruction Project (EHRP). The World’s Bank EHRP, provides multi-faceted support to the Earthquake Housing Reconstruction Program led by the Government of Nepal (GoN). In addition to financing a housing subsidy for 10% of the rural beneficiaries, the World Bank project serves as a coordinating framework to standardize housing reconstruction policy for the GoN's entire Earthquake Housing Reconstruction Program, encompassing all of the housing stock to be rebuilt irrespective of the funding sources.
The Multi-Donor Trust Fund provides critical support to this effort. For example, the MDTF financed the entire beneficiary survey -- the Earthquake Housing Damage and Characteristics (EHDC) Survey -- across all 11 rural districts affected in the earthquake disaster.
The design of the Nepal Earthquake Housing Reconstruction Program is based upon key principles derived from broad international experiences and best practices of other housing reconstruction programs. The key pillars, upon which the program is built, include the following:
The program equips homeowners with multi-faceted support to direct the reconstruction of their home. The program is providing: information on resilient housing designs, socio-technical assistance, training, market facilitation and cash-based subsidies, among other forms of assistance.
All beneficiaries receive the same subsidy amount of NPR 300,000 (about $3,000) to rebuild their home. This cash assistance is being provided in three tranches, to ensure that earthquake-safer techniques are used in alignment with the government’s national building code (NBC).
Reconstructed housing is being rebuilt in a more resilient manner in order to withstand future disaster events. Key components of the program include technical assistance on resilient designs for housing, recommendations on appropriate local materials and the training of engineers, masons, and homeowners regarding resilient techniques, practices, and earthquake-safer materials.
The program includes many features to ensure that the principles of transparency and accountability are respected. They include third-party monitoring and evaluation of transparency, the fairness of the program, and beneficiary satisfaction. The program also includes a formal grievance redress mechanism to register and address complaints by beneficiaries. In addition, the Management Information System (MIS) has been designed and launched to monitor the program’s physical and financial progress and to ensure fundamentals of transparency and accountability in the process.